During today’s CTS session we talked about socio-culturally constructed differences between male and female. We also tried to figure out what is feminism and we came up with the following definition : ‘the belief of social, economic and political equality of all genders’. Although the dictionary definition is as follows :
- the theory of the political, economic, and social equality of the sexes;
organized activity on behalf of women’s rights and interests;
We went through the 1960s in the USA and UK – Hippies and Flower Power, fighting against war in Vietnam and generally world peace.
Another definition we tried to estimate was a stereotype. What is a stereotype. As for me, it is linking and comparing the exact abilities, features and/or ways of behaviour that are repetitive in the sociality to some person/thing with someone who is not following ‘the rules’ socially acceptable by majority of people. The dictionary says:
to repeat without variation : make hackneyed;
- to develop a mental stereotype about;
As stereotypes follow, there was set up a movement of Suffragists who mainly focused on obtaining the votes for women, what they did in 1928. We were shown few postcards with suffrage and anti-suffrage content. One of those was a cartoon by John Hassall c.1910
At the time, the Illustration and visuals were used to communicate at the time in more of a political way.
See Red Women’s Workshop, poster 1976 “To look at and combat the negative images of women in advertising and the media”.
We also went through few artists/writers etc who base their work on feminism and gender equality:
Ann Oakley’s Housewife 1974, Juliet Mitchell, 1966, essay, Woman
Jacky Fleming cartoon 1978
Ain’t a woman? black women and feminism (1981) bell hooks
Laura Mulvey – Feminists Film Theory and ‘The Male Gaze’